اليوم اقدم لكم شرح بتفاصيل دروس اللغة الانجليزية بسم الله وعليه نتوكل
the S.present is a short action on present
يعني هي حركة قصيرة تقع في حاضر
EX: I always get up early
بنسبة لسؤال نطرحه على هذه القاعدة
EX:you don't always get up early
key words: sj+presently+verb
EX: the doctors presntly try to find a cure of cancer
when do they try to find a cure of cancer
key words: sj+ever_never+verb
EX: you never watche film
سؤال يطرح على هذا شكل
does he ever watche film
EX: i ever drive quickly
do you drive quickly
key words: every..once a..twice a
و تكون في بداية الجملة او نهايتها
بنسبة لطرح سؤال يكون على شكل تالي
Oxford Collocations Dictionary ESL defines a collocation as the way words combine in a language to produce natural-sounding speech and writing.The use of collocations makes students sentences more natural and native speaker- like.
Collocations are formed as follows:
Parts Of Speech
adjective + noun
effecient administration/enjoyable passtime/endless patience
quantifier + noun
a dozen of eggs/hundreds of people/a bar of chocolate
verb + noun
have, meet with,cause , prevent , survive an accident
noun + verb
poison kills/war started/the wind blows
noun + noun
passport photo/discourse analysis/blood donation
preposition + noun
By the dinner time/Under guarantee
adverb + verb
listen attentively/play well/agree heartily/alter substantially
noun + preposition
fruits from the farm/teacher of english
verb + verb
want to live/like to drink
verb + adjective
keep fit/stay healthy/sound logical
adverb + adjective
extremely cold/utterly beautiful
adjective + preposition
keen to/fond of/good at
These pages will provide the Second year Bac students with the appropriate collocations they need to write a natural and standard essay.
Forming The Passive
Activea)The driver helped the injured woman.
Passiveb)The injured woman was helped by the driver.
In the passive,the object of an active verb
becomes the subject of the passive verb:the driver
in (a) becomes the subject of the passive verb
Activea)The man decided against a plea bargain.
Only transitive verbs (verbs than can be followed by an object) are used in the passive;we can't use intransitive verbs sch as decide,refuse,complain,fall,happen,sleep,come,seem etc..in the passive voice.
Form of the passive:be+past participle
Simple present:the cat eats the meat.
The meat is eaten by the cat
Present continous:the cat is eating the meat.
The meat is being eaten by the cat
Present Perfect:the cat has eaten the meat.
The meat has been eaten by the cat
Futre Simple:the cat will eat the meat.
The meat will be eaten by the cat
be going to:the cat is going to eat the meat.
The meat is going to be eaten by the cat
Furure Perfect:the cat will have eaten the meat.
The meat will have been eaten by the cat
Simple past:the cat ate the meat.
The meat was eaten by the cat
Past Progressive:the cat was eating the meat.
The meat was being eaten by the cat
Past Perfect:the cat had eaten the meat.
The meat had been eaten by the cat
Third conditional/Conditional Type III
Conditional Type III is used to express conditions in the past that didn't happen and can never be fulfilled.It is often used to express regret or criticism.
Like the other conditionals, a third conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an "if" clause and a main clause.
If I had saved my money,
I would have built a house.
If I had worked harder,
I could have passed my exam.
If Aicha hadn’t been raped,
She shouldn’t have fled her village.
I would have escaped
if she had warned me.
Barcelona could have won the match
if Etoo had returned to full fitness.
He should have played against Real
if he had resumed team training .
Wish/If only are used to express regret,wanting change or complaint.
The table below lists the changes that occur when we use wish/If only :
must or had to
I am sorry i was rude to you.I wish hadn't been rude to you.
He is shy and clumsy.The teacher wishes he wasn't shy and clumsy.
[will have + past participle]
The Future Perfect expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future. It can also state that something will happen before a specific time in the future.
By next June, I will have passed my bac exam.
Students will have finished this test before it rings.
Will she have learned enough Chinese to communicate before she moves to Beijing?
In three years, oil prices will have gone higher.
How many countries will you have visited by the time you turn 50?
Future Perfect Progressive
Future Perfect Progressive empasizes the duration of an activity that wil be in progress before another time or event in the future.
Form:[will have +verb+ing]
By a few years time,The new AR games will have allowed us to enter a new,fully three-dimentional and photorealistic world for hours.
She will have been thanking her by now for her urgent help.
I am sure he will have been telling his father about your insane mistakes for the moment.
she will have been hiding the money box under her bed by the time she leaves her house.
TOP services for lingual therapy will have shortly been opening their new Laboratory and Office facility for 8 hours a day by March 15th
[had + past participle]
She had learnt Japanese before she moved to Japan.
Had he seen his uncle when he came back?
By 1970,he hadn't graduated from the niversity.
The past perfect expresses an activity that was completed before another activity or time in the past.
She had cleaned the house before her husband came back.
By the time he was 42,he had taught for 20 years.
As soon as he had graduated from university,he got employed in a company.
They were arrested because they had demonstrated in the street.
She wishes she hadn't been divorced.
After her neighbour raped her,she suicided.
المصدر : البوابة المغربية لدروس البكالوريا